Posts Tagged ‘Mistigris’
From the book, “Sucker’s Progress”, Poker came to America by way of New Orleans’ French community. The game was first played with a deck of just twenty cards, five cards to each player and no straights or flushes.
- The Draw
- Raise before the Draw
- The Freeze-out
- Table Stakes
- Straights & Flushes
- Wild Cards
- The use of a Joker, originally called Mistigris
French and Italian versions of the game were played with three cards being dealt to each player from a deck of 32 cards. Sometimes a fourth card was exposed and shared by all players, hence the game of Spit-in-the-Ocean.
The French word Poque (pronounced Poke) was eventually Americanized into Poker, or at least that is what some believe. Poque was first described in a 1718 edition of “Acad’emie Universelle des jeux”, one of the earliest known works on card games. The earliest settles of Lousiana were familiar with Poque since a majority of them were the scum of the Paris underworld.
The Persian version, As Nas, is believed to have been brought to New Orleans about the time of the American occupation and As Nas adopted the French version of the game over time.
The Americanization of Poque to Poker was likely completed by 1825. Diligent research on the subject has failed to turn up any printed reference to the games prior to 1836. Jonathan Green in his, “Expose’ of Gambling” published in 1843 mentions Poker as having been a popular game on the Mississippi River for many years.
In “The American Hoyle”, c1885 the following versions of Poker were described: Draw Poker, Jack Pots, Mistigus, Straight Poker, Stud Poker and Whiskey.
In conclusion, a number of theories exist as to Pokers earliest beginnings with no definitive answer, at least not yet.